ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN JACOB
- ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN JACOB (1580–1668), Palestinian talmudist, known as the First. After studying in Safed, Abulafia was ordained by his father in about 1618. In 1628 Abulafia settled in Jerusalem and later moved to Hebron, where despite his advanced age he directed the yeshivah. He was one of the leading rabbis of his era. In 1651–52 Abulafia was a central figure in the controversy over the election of a new rabbi of the Hebron community and went to Cairo to enlist the support of the influential Raphael Joseph, head of Egyptian Jewry, and arrange a compromise. When Nathan of Gaza began his propaganda in support of Shabbetai Zevi, Abulafia adopted a negative attitude similar to that of his father toward the visions of Ḥayyim Vital\>\> . Although he was skeptical, he wished to avoid open conflict, and did not threaten excommunication as did his father in the case of the latter. In 1666 he was one of the delegation of four who went to Gaza on behalf of the Constantinople community to investigate the authenticity of Nathan's prophecies, and about this time he returned to live in Jerusalem. His grandson was Ḥayyim ben Jacob Abulafia\>\> (II), who renewed Jewish settlement in Tiberias in 1740. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Benayahu, Rabbi Ḥayyim Yosef David Azulai (1959), 293–302; Ben-Zvi, Eretz; Scholem, Shabbetai Ẓevi, 221, 228, 511. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1938), 7.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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ABULAFIA, ḤAYYIM BEN JACOB — (II) (c. 1660–1744), rabbi, known as the Second. He is grandson of hayyim ben jacob abulafia the First. About 1666 the Abulafia family moved from Hebron to Jerusalem, where Hayyim studied with Moses Galante and others. In 1699 he went on a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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